Effectiveness of nutrition education intervention program for improving nutritional knowledge of unmarried adolescent girls in a slum of Dhaka city

Md. Aminul Hague Bhuyan, Ali Abbas Mohammad Kurshed, Ila Ismail, Nafis Md. Irfan

Abstract


disseminate nutrition education messages for the improvement of nutritional knowledge and awareness. Baseline
information about socio-economic condition, food consumption pattern, sanitary and hygiene practices, nutritional
knowledge of unmarried adolescent girls were collected by administering a pre tested questionnaire. One poster was
formulated and practical food demonstration was also made for better understanding of the message. Effect of the
nutrition education intervention was made in terms of pre test and post test knowledge. The monthly income of most of
the respondent's family (37.5%) falls into 6001-9000 taka while 25% of family expense less than 6000 per month. Only
17.5% of the family spends more than Tk. 5000 per month on food consimiption. The study shows that before
intervention 88.8% respondents washed hands before eating, 73.8% respondents washed hands before cooking in food
preparatory phase while after intervention both hand washing practice before eating and food preparatory phase were
incremented to 100%. Respondent's knowledge about feeding practice in pre and post test shows that only 1.2% of the
respondent had proper knowledge and 31.2% had partial knowledge about exclusive breast feeding while after
intervention 95% of the respondents had proper knowledge about exclusive breast feeding. Only 8.8% of the
respondents thought that colostrums feeding are mandatory for child which was changed to 93.8% after intervention.
Before intervention only 15%, 7.5% and 20% of the adolescent girls had correct knowledge about energy yielding,
body building and body protecting food respectively. After intervention 93.8%, 90% and 96.2% of respondents had
correct knowledge about these three food groups. The improvement of knowledge about feeding practices and
functional food groups was found to be statistically significant (P <0.005).


Keywords


Nutrition education. Nutritional knowledge. Sanitary and hygiene practice

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