Urban diabetes: a cross-sectional study in a ward of Dhaka metropolitan city

Rumana Rashid, Nurun Nahar Dillruba, Abu Torah M A Rahim

Abstract


A cross-sectional study was conducted among the inhabitants of the Ward 27 (Bashaboo) of Dhaka Metropolitan City.
Out of 52000 people (+20 years, according to the voter list), a total of 450 subjects were selected for interview by
purposive sampling. Subjects were categorized as nondiabetic, NDM (n=166) and diabetic, DM (n= 284) groups. The
DM group was further categorized after data collection into previously diagnosed diabetes mellitus, DMPD (n= 117)
and newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus, DMND (167). Sociodemogrphic, clinical, anthropometric, biochemical, and
dietary data were collected using standardized protocols. The findings showed that majority of the respondents were
female (60.3%) and belonged to middle income group (Tk 5000-14999) (62.4%). The main clinical complications of
the respondents were hypertension (DMPD=26% and DMND=21%), vertigo (DMPD=22% and DMND=27%), joint
pain (DMPD=22% and DMND=21%), back pain (DMPD=18% and DMND=20%) and cataract (DMPD=12% and
DMND=12%). The level of plasma triglyceride, plasma cholesterol and urine n-albumin were significantly higher
among the newly diagnosed DM subjects. The group of middle aged and middle income subjects had significantly
higher level of these parameters. The data, therefore, indicate that diabetic related complications among DMND
subjects were relatively higher compared to DMPD subjects thus pointing to the notion of a positive effect of a
controlled life-style among DMPD patients as per the medication guideline.


Keywords


Urban diabetes mellitus. Diabetes morbidity. Sedentary life

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