Dietary intake pattern of lactating mother and under five children in selected districts of southern Bangladesh

Ishrat Nourin Khan, Kazi Turjaun Akhter, Rakhi Nandi, Syed Mahfuz Al Hasan, Abu Torab MA Rahim, Lalita Bhattachaijee, Nazma Shaheen

Abstract


Food diversity is an important aspect of a healthy diet that reflects the various sources of nutrients that are consumed.
Consumption of various food groups is used as a proxy indicator to assess the overall dietary intake and micro nutrient
adequacy of studied population. The present study was undertaken to assess the dietary intake pattern of under-five
children and lactating women from five upazilas of Satkhira, Khulna and Barisal districts, the most impoverished
regions of southern Bangladesh. The study was cross-sectional in design where lactating (129) and under-five children
(162) were selected as the target population. A two stage cluster sampling was used and information on food
consumption was collected using a 24-hour dietary recall. The lion portion of lactating women’s diet was from plant
source (560g) whereas animal sources contributed insignificant portion (67g). For lactating women energy intake
fulfilled less than half of the RNI (41%) while protein and carbohydrate intake fulfilled almost half of the RNI (51%
and 48% respectively). Fat intake was found severely low, fulfilling 11% of RNI. In under five children except protein
aU the macronutrient intake was considerably low. Protein intake fulfilled 98% and 107% of RNI for children of 6-23
months and 24-59 months respectively. In case of micronutrients only vitamin C fulfilled above 101% of RNI for
lactating mother while no other micronutrient fulfilled half of the RNI. In under five children almost half of RNI was
fulfilled for vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and vitamin C. Findings of the present study revealed that the
diet of lactating mother and under five children in southern part of Bangladesh is inadequate both in quantity and
quality.


Keywords


Lactating mother. Under five children. Dietary intake, Dietary diversity.

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