الفصاحة الواضحة فى كلام رسول لله صلى لله علیھ وسلم : دراسة تطبیقیة

محمد سلیمان

Abstract


Alfasaha`means clearness of description. When a child expresses
his own words fluently by his tongue and we understand the
meaning of his voice, then an Arabian says “ أَفْصَحَ الصبيُّ في مَنْطِقِھ
إِفْصاحاً إِذا فَھِمْتَ ما یقول في أَوّل ما یتكلم ”. A man is called a rhetorician
when he has capability of good presentation by meaningful and
clear words. In technical terms of rhetorical science ‘Alfasaha’ is
the good virtue of words. ‘Albalaga’ means to make one
understand by excellent presentation with meaningful words
according to the environment towards mankind. The all
rhetoricians of the whole Arab were surprised by the rhetorical
functions of the Holy Qur’an. In the same way, they were amazed
and astonished by the Hadith-saying of prophet (SM) after
observing his rhetorical skills and fluency. We get highly
rhetorical excellence in his every single word. When he gave
speeches in front of the Quraish nation, they would listen to him
motionlessly. Though they had strong literary, rhetoric and
powerful poetic knowledge, they were not able to win on him.
They surrendered to his presentational beauties with appropriate
words, accurate meanings and giving speech according to audience
demand and circumstances. No researcher was found in the world
who denied or would deny that our prophet (SM) is the greatest
rhetorician of all creation. He was used to talking in brief which
would signify a wide range of meaning. He was an incomparable
orator. Our prophet (SM) says “I am the best of Arab in language
eloquence because I was born in the Quraish tribe and I had been
sucked in tribe sa`d”. Those were the ways and reasons that
confirmed his superiority in Arabic language throughout the ages.


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The Dhaka University Arabic Journal ISSN: 2308-5509