The Bounds Test Approach for Co-integration and Causality Relationship between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Bangladesh

Md. Sharif Hossain


This paper empirically examined the supply-leading or demand-following
hypotheses in case of Bangladesh using time series data for the period of 1974 to
2009. The ADF and PP tests results support that all the variables are integrated of
order 1. The ARDL bounds test results indicate that there exist three forms of longrun
relationships between the variables. The Granger F-test results supports that the
supply-leading hypothesis is accepted in Bangladesh economy indicates that at the
preliminary stage of economic development in Bangladesh financial development
causes the economic growth. It is also found that long-run elasticity of economic
growth with respect to M2 is higher than short-run elasticity.
Thus it can be said the new policy which is formulated by Bangladesh Bank for
contraction money supply to control inflationary rate will be harmful for economic
growth. The diagnostic tests results support that the model is well specified, and
there are no problems of autocorrelation, heterpscedastcity, normality and ARCH in
the model. The CUSUM and CUSUMSQ tests results support that all the coefficients
in the error correction model are stable. Therefore policies about economic growth
can be made based on the preferred model.


Economic Growth, ADF and PP tests, ADRL bound test, Causality. JEL Classification: C23, C32, C33, O50, O57, Q40

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