Development of stability indicating rp-hplc method for ertapenem in bulk drug and pharmaceutical dosage form

Ruchi Jain, Nilesh Jain, Deepak Kumar Jain, Avineesh Singh, Surendra Kumar Jain


A simple, inexpensive, rapid and novel stability indicating isocratic HPLC method has been
developed and validated for quantitative analysis of ertapenem sodium in the bulk drug and in pharmaceutical
dosage form. An isocratic separation of ertapenem sodium was achieved on Hypersil BDS C18 column (4.6 x 250
mm, 5 μ particle size) as the stationary phase with a flow rate of 1.2 ml/min and using a UV detector to monitor the
eluate at 298 nm. The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile : water (60:40v/v) and pH adjusted 2.9 by
othophosphoric acid enabled separation of the drug from its degradation products. The method was validated for
linearity, accuracy (recovery), precision, specificity and robustness. The linearity of the method was satisfactory
over the range 2-10 μg/ml (correlation coefficient 0.999). Recovery of ertapenem sodium from the pharmaceutical
dosage form ranged from 99.97 to 103.7%. Ertapenem sodium was subjected to stress conditions [hydrolysis (acid,
base), oxidation, photolysis and thermal degradation] and the samples were analyzed by this method. The forceddegradation
study with ertapenem sodium showed that it was degraded under basic condition. The drug was stable
under the other stress conditions investigated. Ertapenem sodium was found to be less stable in solution state,
whereas it was comparatively much stable in solid state. The degradation products were well resolved from main
peak. The forced degradation study prove the stability indicating power of the method and therefore, the validated
method may be useful for routine analysis of ertapenem sodium as bulk drug, in respective dosage forms, for
dissolution studies and as stability indicating assay method in pharmaceutical laboratories and industries.


RP-HPLC, Ertapenem sodium, forced degradation, method validated

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The Dhaka University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1816-1820 (Print) 1816-1839 (Online)