Antidiabetic Studies and Dereplication of the Bioactive Constituents of Anthocleista nobilis G. Don by UHPLC/ESI-QTOF-MS

Philip F. Uzor, Charles O. Nnadi, Joshua E. Ahiabuike, Helen N. Ani

Abstract


Diabetes mellitus remains a global health challenge and herbal medicines are known to be effective and safe for use
in its management. Anthocleista nobilis is used in the traditional management of the disorder but this claimed use has
not been validated. The present study was designed to establish and hence validate the use of the plant for the
management of diabetes and also identify the bioactive phytoconstituents of the plant. The root and stem bark
extracts of the plant were investigated for antidiabetic activity in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The animals were
treated orally with 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg bw of both extracts for seven days. The fasting blood glucose
concentration (FBGC) of the animals was monitored for seven days with a glucometer. Ultra-high performance liquid
chromatography/electrospray ionization-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometric (UHPLC/ESI-QTOF-MS)
technique was adopted for partial dereplication of secondary metabolites of the plant. The extracts significantly (p <
0.5) reduced the FBGC of the diabetic animals. Nine previously reported compounds in the genus Anthocleista were
successfully dereplicated from the plant and identified to be scopoletin (1), anthocleistol (2), sweroside (3),
djalonesone (4), fagaramide (5), lanosta-7, 24-dien-3-one (6), 1-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyxanthene (7), djalonensin (8)
and secologanin (9). Numerous other prominent peaks were not identified and could be potential novel compounds.
The traditional use of A. nobilis in the management of diabetes has been validated in the present study. The identified
as well as the unidentified compounds could provide template for guided isolation of the antidiabetic and other
bioactive constituents of the plant.


Keywords


Antidiabetic plant, Anthocleista nobilis; dereplication, diabetes; hypoglycemic effect; phytochemical study.

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The Dhaka University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1816-1820 (Print) 1816-1839 (Online)