Incidence of diseases in germplasms of corchorus Olitorius l. and control of fungal pathogens

ASM Nasim, S Hosen, MA Bashar

Abstract


Screening of 40 germplasms and two released varieties of Corchorus olitorius
L. was made to determine the source of resistance in jute germplasm against
various diseases under condition of natural infection in the field. The germplasm
lines were classified on the basis of their per cent disease incidence according to
the scale of Mayee and Datar with some modification. There were 12 germplasm
lines of Acc. Numbers 1045, 1050, 1060, 1062, 1065, 1143, 1261, 1338, 3711, 3724,
4178, 5009 and variety O‐72, found resistant to jute diseases which can be utilized
for developing disease resistant variety. The effects of Bavistin DF, Capvit 50 WP,
Dithane M‐45, Hayvit 80 WP, Ridomil Gold MZ 68 WG and Tilt 250 EC were
evaluated against Botryodiplodia theobromae, Colletotrichum sp., Fusarium sp. 1,
Fusarium sp. 2, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotium rolfsii at different concentrations
following poisoned food technique. Out of six fungicides, Bavistin, Dithane and
Tilt completely inhibited the growth of test pathogens except Sclerotium rolfsii at
500 ppm. Bavistin, Dithane and Tilt also showed promising results against the
selected test pathogens at 100, 200 and 400 ppm. The findings of this
investigation will be helpful for the plant breeders to select varieties for breeding
purposes as well as to control jute pathogens.


Keywords


Incidence, Diseases, Germplasms, Corchorus olitorius, Pathogens

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Dhaka University Journal of Biological Sciences ISSN 1021-2787 (Print) 2408-8501 (Online)