Electronic Properties and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Simulation of MoS2 Nanosheets by Using Density Functional Theory

Fariha Ahmed, Alamgir Kabir

Abstract


The ab-initio Density Functional Theory (DFT) approach is used to study the electronic properties of bulk and layered MoS2 nanosheets. For the layered structures mono, bi, tri, tetra and penta layered structure is used. The direct to indirect transition of bandgap is observed as the number of layers is increasing. This transition of bandgap is attributed to the van der Waals interlayer interaction between two layers of MoS2 nanosheets. The indirect bandgap in the bulk MoS2 is found to be 0.94 eV, whereas for a single layered nanosheet is found to be direct bandgap with the value of 1.83 eV. To confirm the surface termination and understand the surface morphology of MoS2 the scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) simulation is performed in constant height mode. It is found that the detection of surface atoms via STM depends on the tip atom of the STM.

Keywords


Bandgap, van der Waal’s, catalysis, STM tip, indirect bandgap

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Dhaka University Journal of Science ISSN 1022-2502 (Print) 2408-8528 (Online)