Structural and Optical Characterization of Magnesium Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films Deposited by Spray Pyrolysis

Mitali Biswas, Mehnaz Sharmin, Chitra Das, Jibon Poddar, Shamima Choudhury


Pure and magnesium (Mg) doped zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films were prepared onto clean glass substrate by spray pyrolysis (SP) technique at the
substrate temperature of 300°C. Various optical parameters such as absorption co-efficient, band gap energy, refractive index, extinction coefficient
of the thin films were studied using UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer in the photon wavelength range of 300-2500 nm. Optical band
gap increased from 3.24 to 3.46 eV with the increase of Mg concentration from 0 to 40%. Transmittance and refractive index of the Mg doped
ZnO thin films decreased due to the increase of Mg concentration. The EDX spectra confirmed the increase of Mg and consequent reduction in
Zn content in the Mg doped ZnO thin films. Pure and Mg- doped ZnO films were annealed at 425°C for 1 hour. X-ray diffraction (XRD) study
of the annealed films showed hexagonal type of polycry-stalline structure with the preferred orientation along (101) plane with some other
peaks (100), (002), (102), (110), (103) and (112). From the XRD patterns it was found that grain size decreased from 63.45 to 36.56 nm, lattice
constant and c remained almost constant with Mg doping concentration.


Spray pyrolysis, Mg doped ZnO thin films, band gap energy, XRD analysis, EDX analysis

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Dhaka University Journal of Science ISSN 1022-2502 (Print) 2408-8528 (Online)