In Vitro Evaluation of Different Approaches and Dissolution Enhancement Technique of Poorly Water-Soluble Drug Ibuprofen

A.S.M. Monjur-Al-Hossain, Konika Rani Dutta, Md. Lokman Hossain

Abstract


Ibuprofen Solid Dispersion (SD) was prepared by simple Physical Mixing (PM) and Kneading Method (KM). In these two cases, four
polymers named poloxamer 407, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose, croscarmellose sodium and pregelatinized starch were used to enhance the
dissolution profile of Ibuprofen. In both methods, the ratio of drug and carrier were 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 of which the ratio of 1:3 in KM gave
comparatively better result than PM method. In vitro dissolution study was performed in distilled water in 50 rpm and at 37 ± 0.5°C. In case of
pure Ibuprofen, dissolution rate was only 26% after 60 minutes (mins) of dissolution. While in KM, Ibuprofen pregelatinized starch
formulation at 1:3 ratio showed better dissolution rate. After 60 mins, dissolution rate of Ibuprofen was 72%. The SD formulations of
Ibuprofen-pregelatinized starch and Ibuprofen-Na-CMC of physical mixing and kneading techniques (1:3 ratio) were characterized by Fourier
Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR).


Keywords


Ibuprofen, Solid dispersions, Physical mixing, Kneading method, Dissolution, FTIR

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Dhaka University Journal of Science ISSN 1022-2502 (Print) 2408-8528 (Online)