Comparative Study for Photodegradation of Remazol Red R by Different TiO2 Samples

Nurnabi Rashed, A.Z.M. Mainul Islam Mazumder, Md. Mufazzal Hossain


Potassium dichromate modified TiO2 photocatalyst (MD-TiO2) was prepared and its photocatalytic activity was compared with that of
ordinary commercial TiO2 (C-TiO2) and special Degussa P25 TiO2 (D-TiO2). An organic dye, remozol red R(RRR) was used as a substrate
for photodegradation from aqueous solution into environmentally safe products such as water, carbon dioxide and mineral ions. The
photodegradation of RRR was carried out by varying the concentration of different types of TiO2 suspension, initial concentrations of dyes
between 0.5× 10-4 M and 2.5 ×10-4 M, pH between 2.0 and 6.0 and light sources which are UV, artificial visible and sunlight. With
increasing the catalyst concentration, percent degradation was found to increase up to a concentration of 1.2 g/100 mL of C-TiO2, 0.12 g/
100 mL of D-TiO2 and 0.10 g/100 mL of modified MD-TiO2 for a definite concentration of RRR. However, RRR shows adsorption on TiO2
samples except C-TiO2. Again, the photodegradation efficiency is inversely affected by the dye concentration. Thus, the removal efficiency
was found to be influenced by all of the above parameters. The maximum removal efficiency is found at pH 3.0 under sunlight in the
presence of modified MD-TiO2,which suggests that MD-TiO2 can be used as an effective material for the removal of RRR instead of C-TiO2
and D-TiO2.

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Dhaka University Journal of Science ISSN 1022-2502 (Print) 2408-8528 (Online)