Food Security and the Role of Biotechnology


  • Parag Palit
  • Farhana Tasnim Chowdhury
  • Haseena Khan


Biotechnology, Biotech crops, Food security


Biotechnological approaches are given a greater significance as they continue to show promising potential to facilitate
food security. These biotechnologies may consist of manipulation and interference in plant breeding (Marker-assisted plant
breeding, mutational breeding) genetically manipulating the crop themselves (GM foods), or even just influencing the
environmental factors to bring about the desired changes in the crop production (use of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides).
Some of the greater benefits such as, increased crop yield, enhanced nutritional quality, upgraded ability to adapt and survive,
and lengthened shelf-life brought about by these techniques are making developing countries including Bangladesh lean
heavily towards the increased commercialization of biotech crops. Even amidst strong oppositions and a few limitations, the
popularity of Bt brinjal and the continual development of many biotech rice varieties in Bangladesh alone, further substantiate
the favourability of biotech crops and their potential to better the situation favouring both the environment and the economy.