الشعر الحر و الشاعر بدر شاكر السیّاب : دراسة تطبیقیة

الدكتور محمد شھید الإسلام

Abstract


Ash-shi`r al-manthur (prose poetry), an-nathr ash-shi`ri (poetic
prose), ash-shi`r al-mursal (blank verse), ash-shi`r al-maqtur
(strophic verse), ash-shi`r al-hurr (free verse) and qasidat an-nathr
(the prose poem) were the form of modern Arabic poetry. The
beginning of the twentieth century marked a new and revolutionary
stage in the history of Arabic poetry. This century has witnessed
the most extensive experimentation, which never before faced such
an impetus for renewal and revolutionary change and such a revolt
against conventional concept of rhyme, metre and diction was
coupled with a revulsion against traditional themes and imagery.
Arabic free verse is a term describing various styles of Arabic
poetry that are written without adhering strictly to the metrical
system outlined by Khalil ibn Ahmad al Farahidi (c. 718 – c. 791).
BadrShakir al-Sayyab (1926-1964) is regarded as one of the major
pioneers of the “free verse” (ash-shi`r al-hurr) movement that
revolutionized the style and rhythms of modern Arabic poetry. He
was one of the greatest poets whose experiments helped to change
the course of modern Arabic poetry and led the way in introducing
“ash-shi`r al-hurr” in Arabic.


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The Dhaka University Arabic Journal ISSN: 2308-5509