PLANKTON COMPOSITION OF HAKALUKI HAOR OF MOULVIBAZAR, BANGLADESH

MOHAMMAD AZMAL HOSSAIN BHUIYAN, MAHIN MOHID, SAM SHARIAR ISLAM, ABU KOWSER, MD RASIKUL ISLAM, SHAHINA AKTER KAKOLY, SAIFUL ISLAM, MONIRUZZAMAN KHONDKER

Abstract


In the present study, physicochemical and biological variables related to the
water quality of Hakaluki Haor were studied. Three study stations viz. Bakshimul,
Jalabeel and Dudhai were investigated because of an event of mass scale of dead fish
and other aquatic organisms were reported. The stations had water depths from 2.74 -
5.13 m and Secchi Disc Transparency were 0.74 - 1.91 m. The air and water
temperature among the three stations ranged from 28.2 - 30.4°C and 21.8 - 28.8°C,
respectively. TDS ranged from 35 - 42 mg/l, while the electric conductivity of water
showed 40 - 50 μS/cm. SRP, nitrate and SRS ranged from 10.68 - 12.32 μg/l, 0.116 -
0.122 mg/l and, 16.08 - 35.42 mg/l, respectively. The concentration of DO was very
poor which ranged from 2.8 - 5.4 mg/l. In all the three studied stations, the free CO2
concentration was 0.096 mg/l. Chlorophyll-a value was moderate in all the three
stations (ranged within 34.67 and 40.60 μg/l). The phaeopigment concentration was
low and ranged from 1.51- 8.72 μg/l among the studied stations. Concentration of
ammonia was much higher (1.03 - 1.72 mg/l) than the standard value for Bangladesh
(0.5 mg/l). From this analysis, it is observed that during fish kill event the
concentration of ammonia was higher with low DO content which might have
resulted because of the decomposition of upper foliar parts of the rice plant due to the
sudden inundation. Gross α and β counts were found to be 0.01 and 0.10 Bq/l in the
Haor water at the time of fish kill. From the planktonic community, 16
phytoplanktons from green algae, 14 euglenoids, 5 diatoms, 5 dinoflagellates and 12
zooplankton species were recorded. A shift in the pH of the Haor water from acidic to
alkaline might have occurred during the last 3 decades. A detailed limnological study
covering the climatic seasons of Bangladesh has been recommended to be carried out
for Hakaluki Haor.


Keywords


Phytoplankton, Zooplankton, Hakaluki Haor, Physicochemical variables, Chlorophyll-a

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Dhaka University Journal of Biological Sciences ISSN 1021-2787 (Print) 2408-8501 (Online)